Acute and Chronic Pancreatitis
Dr. Mayank Agarwal

What should I know about pancreatitis?

What is the medical definition of pancreatitis?

  • Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas. Of the many causes of pancreatitis, the most common are alcohol consumption and gallstones.

How do I know if I have pancreatitis?

How to test for pancreatitis

  • Diagnosis of pancreatitis is generally with blood and imaging tests.

How to treat pancreatitis

  • Most cases of acute pancreatitis require hospitalization; however, treatment of chronic pancreatitis may be managed in an outpatient setting.

What are the complications of pancreatitis?

  • Diabetes
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Malnutrition
  • Infection
  • Pseudocyst formation

What is the pancreatitis prognosis?

  • Pancreatitis can range from a mild, self-limited disease to a condition with life-threatening complications.

What are the signs and symptoms of pancreatitis?

Pancreatitis causes upper abdominal pain which can range from mild to severe.

The pain may come on suddenly or it may develop gradually. Often, the pain will start or worsen after eating, which can also occur with gallbladder or ulcer pain. Abdominal pain tends to be the hallmark of acute pancreatitis. People with acute pancreatitis usually feel very ill.

Acute pancreatitis signs and symptoms may include:

  • Abdominal pain that may radiate to the back
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Worsening pain after eating
  • Tenderness to touch of the abdomen
  • Fever and chills
  • Weakness and lethargy

In chronic pancreatitis, abdominal pain also can be present, but it is often not as severe, and some people may not have any pain at all.

Chronic pancreatitis signs and symptoms may include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Foul smelling, oily stool

10 Causes of pancreatitis?

The causes of pancreatitis include:

  • Alcohol consumption
  • Gallstones
  • High triglyceride levels
  • Abdominal injury or surgery
  • Certain medications
  • Exposure to certain chemicals
  • Smoking
  • Family history of pancreatitis
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Pancreatic cancer

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