Achalasia is an esophageal disorder, where lower esophageal sphincter is impaired due to motor dysfunction.
- Chest pain
- Weight loss
- Aspiration pneumonia
Diagnosis of achalasia includes:
- Upper GI endoscopy for identifying obstructing lesion
- Barium swallow
- Esophageal manometry
Treatment options include:
- Botulinum injection
- Oral nifedipine and nitroglycerine
- Endoscopic pneumatic balloon dilatation
The main treatment modalities include Surgery and endoscopic dilatation.